Did you know that Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) is one of the most common childhood neurobehavioral disorders? It is also one of the most misdiagnosed.

Additionally, it is commonly thought to be a disorder that affects children, but adults are also impacted by ADD. Adult ADD can have serious ramifications, and can impact success at work, relationships, self-esteem, and even life choices. It is essential to differentiate the nature of these issues, in order to have the appropriate treatment and support in place. Just as childhood ADD is misdiagnosed, adult ADD can often be confused for other problems, such as laziness, procrastination, conflicts at work, or difficulties with intimacy.

For children, what many people do not know is that there are multiple types of ADD that are defined by the behavioral presentation. A person does not have to display hyperactive or restless behaviors to be diagnosed with ADD. ADD is broken down into three different presentations. There is ADD-Inattention Type. Children who are diagnosed with ADD-Inattention often display some of the following symptoms:

  • unable to pay close attention to details or makes careless mistakes in schoolwork or other activities
  • has difficulty sustaining attention in tasks or play activities
  • does not seem to listen when spoken to directly
  • does not follow through on instructions and fails to finish schoolwork or chores
  • has difficulty organizing tasks and activities
  • loses things necessary for tasks or activities
  • easily distracted by extraneous stimuli
  • forgetful in daily activities
  • avoids, dislikes, or is reluctant to engage in tasks that require sustained mention effort.

An individual with ADD-Inattention Type does not display the stereotypical behavioral problems people often associate with ADD such as hyperactivity and restlessness.

The second type of ADD is ADD-Hyperactivity/Impulsivity. A child who meets criteria for this diagnosis is someone who can be described as:

  • needing to touch everything
  • leaves seat in classroom or in other situations in which remaining seated is expected
  • difficulty playing or engaging in leisure activities quietly
  • runs about or climbs excessively in situations in which it is inappropriate
  • fidgets with hands or feet or squirms in seat

In addition, these children often blurt out answers before the question has been completely read, have difficulty waiting their turn, and interrupt others. ADD-Hyperactive/Impulsive individuals do not display difficulties with attention.

The final type of ADD is ADD-Attention and Hyperactivity/Impulsivity - Combined. This diagnosis is given when a child displays symptoms of both ADD-Inattention and ADHD-Hyperactivity/ Impulsivity.

A neuropsychological evaluation assesses the child’s presentation through cognitive tests, interviews with family and teachers, and clinical observations to ensure the most accurate diagnosis is made for proper treatment recommendations. An accurate diagnosis is vital to the proper course of treatment for the child.

To learn more about our ADD and ADHD therapy services, please contact us.

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Did You Know?

Apart from medication, there are many additional ways to help children with ADHD. In fact, most children see benefits from specific recommendations and accommodations quickly, and begin performing better in a short period of time.