Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is based on the idea that our thoughts, feelings and behaviors are all related. Moods and behaviors can improve by targeting and changing maladaptive thoughts, even if the external situations stay the same. For example, a person who is depressed or who has anxiety may have the thought, “I am worthless” or “if I drive on the highway I will be harmed.”
A CBT therapist will encourage the individual to look at these beliefs as hypotheses as opposed to facts, and test these beliefs. In addition, CBT therapists give their clients homework that often involves monitoring and logging automatic thoughts in order to help determine unhealthy patterns in thinking, and to develop more positive and helpful alternatives. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is based in the here and now and CBT therapists are active, problem-focused and goal-directed.